Information and communication technologies for development (ICT4D) refers to the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) to social, economic and political development, with a particular emphasis on helping people and communities poor and marginalized. Its objective is to help in international development by reducing the digital divide and equitable access to technologies.
ICT4D is based on the notions of “development”, “growth”, “progress” and “globalization” and is often interpreted as the use of technology to provide a greater good. Another similar term used in the literature is “digital development.” ICT4D draws on theories and frameworks from many disciplines, including sociology, economics, development studies, library, information science, and communication studies.
ICT4D grew out of attempts to use emerging computer technologies to improve conditions in developing countries. It was formalized through a series of reports, conferences, and funding initiatives that acted as key avenues for policy formulation:  the World Bank’s 1998 World Development Report,  highlighting the role of knowledge and ICT in the development; a report  of the G8 Digital Opportunities Task Force, which concludes that ICT plays a key role in modern human development, the World Summit on the Information Society held in Geneva in 2003 and Tunis in 2005. Al At least three phases can be identified in the evolution of ICT4D: